GÜMRÜKLER GENEL MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ

Summary Declaration

Question: Who shall lodge the summary declaration?

Answer: The summary declaration shall be lodged by the person who brings the goods, or who assumes responsibility for the carriage of the goods into the Customs Territory of Turkey.  Notwithstanding the obligation of the person referred to, the summary declaration may be lodged instead by:
(a) The person in whose name the person referred above acts; or
(b) Any person who is able to present the goods in question or to have them presented to the competent customs authority; or
(c) A representative of one of the persons referred above or points (a) or (b).
 
Additionally, summary declaration can be lodged by a third person different from the transporter (the person who brings the goods into the Customs Territory of Turkey and assumes responsibility for the carriage of the goods). Hence, in this situation the summary declaration is lodged not in the name of the transporter but instead of the transporter. 

Question: Which customs office shall the summary declaration be lodged to?

Answer: Summary declaration shall be lodged with data processing technique at the customs office of entry. Customs office of entry is the customs office to which goods brought into the Customs Territory of Turkey are conveyed without delay and at which they are subject to appropriate risk-based entry controls.
 
On the other hand, in the situations such as vessels and airplanes stop by multiple ports and airports in the Customs Territory of Turkey, the summary declaration shall be lodged at the customs office of port or airport where the goods will be unloaded. 

Question: What are the time limits to lodge a summary declaration?

Answer: With respect to mode of transportation, time limits to lodge a summary declaration are regulated in Article 67 of Customs Regulation. 
 

Containerised maritime cargo (except short sea containerised shipping) At least 24 hours before commencement of loading in each foreign load port.
Bulk/ break bulk maritime cargo (except short sea bulk/ break bulk shipping) At least 4 hours before arrival at the first port in the Customs Territory of Turkey.
Short sea shipping:
Movements between foreign ports on the Black Sea or Mediterranean, ports on the Customs Territory of the Community (except French overseas department, Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands) and ports on the Customs Territory of Turkey are considered short sea shipping.
At least 2 hours before arrival at the first port in the Customs Territory of Turkey.
Short haul flights (less than 4 hours duration) At least by the time of the actual take off of the aircraft.
Long haul flights (more than 4 hours duration) At least 4 hours before arrival at the first airport in the Customs Territory of Turkey.
Railway At least 2 hours before arrival at the customs office of entry in the Customs Territory of Turkey.
Road traffic At least 1 hour before arrival at the customs office of entry in the Customs Territory of Turkey. If this is not possible, summary declaration shall be lodged within the 1 hour after the vehicle arrives at the customs office of entry.
 
Question: What is arrival notification?

Answer: In maritime and airline transportations, upon arrival in the first port of entry, the vessel operator must submit, for all shipments carried on the arriving vessel, a so-called arrival notification, allowing customs to identify all the entry summary declarations that were previously lodged for the shipments. As soon as the transportation vessel arrives at the customs office, the transporter shall send the arrival notification electronically to the customs office.
 
Arrival notification is lodged in order to present the goods and the transportation vessel to the customs office. Hence; it must include required information to identify the entry summary declaration which is previously lodged. This required information is related to the goods and transportation in general. Arrival notification, in contrast to summary declaration, is given only by the transporter.
 
Whereas in maritime and airline transportation, lodging an arrival declaration is compulsory, in road and railway transportations arrival declaration is considered as lodged when the goods are presented to the authorized customs office. 

Question: In which circumstances shall the exit summary declaration be lodged and at which customs office?

Answer: Except for special circumstances regulated in Customs Regulation Art. 61 exit summary declaration is lodged at customs office of exit (not the customs office of export). Additionally in case a customs declaration is asked for; summary declaration is not lodged. 

Question: What is departure notification?

Answer: While leaving the customs territory of Turkey, the operator or the representative of the transportation vessel lodges the departure notification to the customs office of exit (not the customs office of export). This notification is related to the departure of the vessel and all the shipments carried on the departing vessel.
 
Under transit regulation in which a transportation vessel leaves the Customs Territory of Turkey through land border gates, departure notification is not asked for. Except from this, departure notification shall be lodged for all the transportation vessels leaving the Customs Territory of Turkey.
 
Departure notification shall include; the customs declaration for the transported goods, substitute of customs declaration (if applicable), the information to detect the summary declaration and the information related to transportation.